Digitization & Oral History

  • Book | Why Digitize? by Abby Smith

  • Blog | Why don’t you digitize everything? by PAMA

  • Article | Digitization in an Archival Environment by Sally McKay

  • Article | Archival Digitization and the Struggle to Create Useful Digital Reproductions By Krista McCracken

  • Article | Digitising and handling Indigenous cultural resources in libraries, archives and museums by Alex Byrne

  • Directory | A Global Directory of Services and Suppliers of Audiovisual Media by AMIA

  • Article | Digitizing Archival Material Guidelines by G.S.O

->Collection ID Guide by PSAP<-

Digitization of Archival Material Guides

  • Toolkit | Minimum Viable Workstation by XFR Collective

  • Toolkit | Indigitization Toolkit

  • Toolkit | Audio/Video Resources by XFR Collective

  • Guide | Audio Cassette Digitization Workstation by Sustainable Heritage Network

  • Guide | Minimum Digitization Capture Recommendations by ALCTS

  • Guide | Guidelines on File Formats for Transferring Information Resources of Enduring Value by LAC

  • Guide | Digitization Best Practice by York University

  • Article | Capturing Analog Sound for Digital Preservation: Report of a Roundtable Discussion of Best Practices for Transferring Analog Discs and Tapes by LOC

  • Guide | Universal Photographic Digital Imaging: Image Reciever Guidelines by UPDIG

  • Guide | Universal Photographic Digital Imaging: Quick Guide by UPDIG

  • Guide | A Guide for Managers Planning and Implementing Digitization Projects by Government of Canada

  • Web | Digitizing Collection by the Smithsonian Institution Archives

  • Guide | Guidelines on the Production and Preservation of Digital Audio Objects (web edition) by IASA

  • Guide | Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Cultural Heritage Materials Creation of Raster Image Files by FADGI

  • Guide | What to do Before you Digitize by Iron Mountain

  • Guide | Digitization and Archives by CCA

  • Guide | Guidelines for Digitizing Archival Materials for Electronic Access: Decision Chart by NARA

  • Guide | Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template by Barbara Goldsmith

  • Guide | Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Archival Materials for Electronic Access: Creation of Production Master Files – Raster Images by NARA

  • Guide | Guidelines for the Preservation of Video Recordings Part B. Video Signal, Preservation Concepts, and Target Formats by IASA

  • Guide | Guidelines for the Preservation of Video Recordings Part C. Introduction by IASA

  • Toolkit | Bibliography for Digitization Projects by CCA

In the Yukon Archives: this is how we do it.

Policy | Yukon Archives Standard for Digitizing Sound Recordings: Creation of Audio Masters

Policy | Yukon Archives Metadata Standard for Image Masters Created Through Digitization

Policy | Yukon Archives File Naming Standard for Digitized Archival and Published Material

Policy | Yukon Archives Standard for Digitizing Photographs: Creation of Raster Image Masters


Browse through the massive resource database provided by SHN on how to do oral history as well as managing and preserving them.

Click on the button to go to their Website

Storing & Maintaining digitized materials

Article | Preserving Moving Pictures and Sound By the DPC Richard Wright

Article | Long-Term Storage of Videotape by Jim Wheeler

Article | Causes and Measurement of Videotape Decay Richard Keatinge

Blog | CDs Are Not Forever: The Truth About CD/DVD Longevity, “Mold” & “Rot” by Tina Sieber 

Article | Capturing Analog Sound for Digital Preservation by Library of Congress

Book | Sound Directions Best Practices For Audio Preservation By Mike Casey

Manual | Audiovisual archives: A practical reader by UNESCO

Book | Guidelines on the Production and Preservation of Digital Audio Objects (web edition) by IASA

Web | Hard Drive Failure Rates (which one to buy?) by Andy Klein on Black Blaze

Web | For The Most Accurate Scans, Calibrate Your Scanner by Lifewire

A look inside the digitization labs at the National Archives, where a dedicated team of technicians uses state-of-the-art technology to preserve the Archives' remarkable holdings. Once digitized, the records are available to the public online. Motion pictures, still photographs, paper documents, audio-video recordings are some of the records shown being digitized in the labs of the National Archives in this video.

Managing your recordings:


AVI-MetaEdit The software gives you ability to perform various metadata editing for AVI files. You can use the tool to embed, edit, import, and export metadata.

BWF MetaEdit is a tool that supports embedding, validating, and exporting of metadata in Broadcast WAVE Format (BWF) files. It supports the FADGI Broadcast WAVE Metadata Embedding Guidelines.

Guide | Metadata Standards and Guidelines Relevant to Digital Audio by PARS Task Force

Stacey Zembrzycki explains the processes of doing oral history.

Saving Oral history Traditions in the Archives

Handbook | Oral History Handbook by Beth M Robertson

Web | Iportal search by University of Saskatchewan

Blog | 11 Things you should know about Aboriginal Oral Traditions by ICTINC

Web | Indigitization Toolkit for the Digitization of First Nations Knowledge

Web | Oral Traditions by Indigenous Foundation UBC

Guide | Guide to Oral History Recording by Australian War Memorial

Guide | Australia Talking History: Oral History Guidelines by Sharon Veale and Kathleen Schilling

Book | Getting Started in Oral Traditions Research by P. Polar [Excerpt]

Web | Ethics by Concordia University Centre for Oral History & Digital Storytelling

Web | Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History by Judith Moyer 

Article | Legalizing Oral History: Proving Aboriginal Claims in Canadian Courts by Kent McNeil

Article | Maintaining the Reliability of Aboriginal Oral Records and Their Material Manifestations: Implications for Archival Practice by Shauna McRanor

Web | First Nations Pedagogy Online

Web | Oral Traditions Resources by SWSLibrary

Web | Oral History Centre Workshops and Membership

Some Funding Opportunities for Digitization and Equipment Resources:

  • Web | G.S. Broadcast Technical Services Ltd. Products Page

  • Web | Oral History Equipment Suggestions by NSW

  • Article | BASIC ORAL HISTORY RECORDING KIT: EQUIPMENT PURCHASING GUIDE by, Center for Digital Scholarship and Curation:

  • Web | Indigitization Project Funding Application